First is scene from the altar with 12 scenes from life of Christ, from Koeln, dated 1450/1460 (source: Bildindex web page).
Second example: Passion of Christ by Conrad von Soest, 1401/1415, Rauschenberg.
Next is my beloved "Altar of the ten commandments" from Church of the Holy Virgin in Gdansk (Danzig). It's dated about 1488 and was painted by Unknown Master from South Germany. The man in torlop also wear black hood and have axe so maybe it's a sailor. The last you can see here: Web Gallery of Art (very short jacket worn by kneeling man).